APEIs – Areas of Particular Environmental Interest

The ISA (see definition for ISA) pioneered the deep-seabed’s first environmental management plan in 2012 by creating APEIs, or Areas of Particular Environmental Interest. They were created using MPAs as a blueprint (see definition of MPAs). These areas, where mining is off limits, are provisionally in place only for the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone (CCZ, see definition).