Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas (EBSA)

Ecologically and biologically significant areas (EBSAs) are geographically or oceanographically discrete areas that provide important services to one or more species/populations of an ecosystem or to the ecosystem as a whole, compared to other surrounding areas or areas of similar ecological characteristics, or otherwise meet the following criteria: Uniqueness or rarity, Special importance for life history stages of species, Importance for threatened, endangered or declining species and/or habitats, Vulnerability, fragility, sensitivity or slow recovery, Biological productivity, Biological diversity, Naturalness.” 11 EBSAs have been identified in the arctic.