EEZ – Exclusive Economic Zone

The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) was created by UNCLOS (see definition for UNCLOS), and is one of the key innovations in the law of the sea. The EEZ is an area beyond and adjacent to a coastal State’s territorial sea to a limit of 200 nautical miles from the baseline. Within this zone, the coastal State may exercise sovereign rights over exploration, exploitation, conservation, and management of natural resources and other economic activities, such as the production of wind or tidal power.” Most of the marine deposits of minerals in demand are in the high seas, outside of the EEZ, but exploration still takes place in the EEZ.