Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)

Many indigenous people inhabit the Arctic, and they have a wide range of cultural, historical and economic backgrounds. These people have multiple and ever‐increasing contact with non‐indigenous people who, for example, seek to develop natural resources or better understand and address the rapidly changing climate. The relationships between governments, corporations, non‐profit organizations, researchers and indigenous peoples are guided by evolving laws, policies and protocols that are increasingly rooted in an acknowledgement and respect for the autonomous nature of indigenous peoples and indigenous human rights.One of the most important aspects of indigenous relations is the recognition of the right of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC). The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) sets out this right and has helped to drive a fundamental shift in indigenous relations. Given the significant impact that climate change is having on the human rights of indigenous peoples in the Arctic, the growing recognition of indigenous rights is particularly important in this region.”