Phthalates are a group of chemicals most commonly found in plastics, and primarily, in PVC as plasticizers (see definition) to increase their flexibility, transparency, durability and longevity. Phthalates are easily released into the environment and create risks of exposure for humans and other living organisms. Due to their environment and health concerns (for example, they are endocrine disruptors), several phthalates are banned in children’s toys in the EU. However, they are still extensively in use for a variety of products, such as for pharmaceutical pills coatings and glues.